In the year 2011, the Nitra Gallery and the cultural public notes the 90th anniversary of the birth of the painter...
Guderna Ladislav (1921 – 1999)
Curator: PhDr. Marta Hucková
Venue: Salon NG
Opening: 6.29 2011 at 17.00.
Duration: 18.09 2011
In the year 2011, the Nitra Gallery and the cultural public notes the 90th anniversary of the birth of the painter, graphic artist and illustrator and the native of Nitra, Ladislav Guderna /1921 – 1999/, who was one of the founders of the Slovak Surrealism. In his work, in conjunction with the principles of surrealist poetry, he came to the individual surrealist style based on the vivid color and a linear construction of a picture.
Ladislav Guderna spent his childhood until the 1933 in Nitra, where he studied at the State Grammar School. In the same year the family moved to Bratislava and Ladislav began studying at the Business Academy. Ladislav attended evening classes in drawing at the School of Arts and Crafts at the same time, with prof. Ľ. Fulla / 1902 – 1980 /, completed the art training with Maximilian Schurmann / 1890 – 1960 /, (who after leaving Bratislava establishes a private school of painting in Nitra). From 1938 he studied at the Department of Drawing and painting SVST in the studio of prof. John Mudrocha / 1909 – 1968/. During this time the young Guderna was greatly influenced by the work of the French Fauvist and expressionist G.H. Roualt / 1871 – 1958 /. Later it was the symbolism and surrealizmus. Guderna deepened his education at the Academy of Fine Arts in Belgrade, where he graduated in 1944. Between 1945 – 1948 he became a member of Artists – The Association of Artists Manes, and a member of the editorial board of the first art magazine “Art monthly.”
In 1946, in Bratislava, he presented his first solo exhibition. By the 1966 Guderna participated in almost 50 individual and colective projects.
He obtains prizes and awards for his painting production since 1954. The most significant to mention is the awards honorary degree at EXPO 58 in Brussels visual design of capital / international jury from Expo 58 /, silver medal for panneau “Winning Technology”, also from the Czechoslovak government for the commission and for participation in the EXPO 58 . The first prize for painting the “Threats and Hope of Mankind” in 1959. In 1962, Cyprian Majerník Award. The title of „the deserving artist“, was awarded in 1964 for a monumental creation. From 1965 it was the I. prize for the best mark of the year, the Main Prize of the Government of the Republic on the 20th anniversary of the liberation of Czechoslovakia for the mosaic at the Prague Castle in the House of children in 1966 – “Award for the best mark since 1966.”
The long 21 years spent in exile made Guderna stronger not only as a human, but particularly in artistic experiences of everyday reality. He carried on in the new environment and developed surrealist tendencies and was ranked as one of the world’s leading artist of this movement.
Ladislav Guderna worked until the last moments of his life. Even in the far-away lands he always claimed to have Slovak roots and spoke of his roots in Nitra. He died on the 7th October 1999 in Vancouver, Canada.
The deserving artist Ladislav Guderna of which Slovakia and the city of Nitra can be proud of, ranks among the world’s leading painters of the 20th century.